The ADA says that over 75-80% all adults have or will have some form of gum disease.
Gum disease, more commonly known as "periodontal disease" is a bacterial infection in the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. There are a multiple stages of gum disease, the first state is called "gingivitis". This first stage is characterized by gum tissue that is red ,puffy and bleeds easily when touched with a tooth brush, floss or dental instrument.
The second, third and fourth stages are initial, moderate and advanced "periodontal disease". The longer treatment is put off the more advanced the disease becomes. These stages differ from gingivitis because the infection has destroyed the bones that support the teeth which eventually causes tooth loss. The treatment at these stages is more involved ans usually consists of a special type of deep cleaning with anesthesia. If the disease goes untreated for long enough, gum surgery may be needed to correct the issues.
If you have any questions regarding gum disease or anything else, please call our office at 410-535-5055.